Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Southern United States
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When the Holy Gospel accounts of Matthew and Mark list the apostles, they include the name, "Thaddeus," but the Holy Gospel according to St. Luke omits Thaddeus and puts in its place, "Judas the son of James." Is it correct to say that they are the same person? If so, why the difference in the names?

John 14:22 says, "Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, 'Lord, how is it that You will manifest Yourself to us, and not to the world?'" Is he referring to Thaddeus?

The Synaxarium says that on the 2nd of the month of Abib (July 9), Thaddeus departed in peace. I thought that the only apostle that was not martyred is St. John the Beloved. In the reports concerning all the other martyrs, the Synaxarium reads that the martyr, "suffered many tortures and received the crown of martyrdom." However, what the Synaxarium says about Thaddeus is that, "he suffered from the Jews and the Gentiles much humiliation and many tortures, then departed in peace." Does this mean that he was not martyred?

If not, please explain.

Where can I find more information about this apostle?

The Apostle Thaddeus is better known as St. Jude, writer of the epistle in his name. He is believed to be a relative of our Lord Jesus Christ and the brother of St. James the Less and St. Simeon. St. Jude is believed to have been martyred in Armenia.

There are many online sources. Check under both names. Most Catholic and Orthodox Churches share similar early church saint biographies and can be good resources for cross-references.
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